The Hubble Advent Calendar
The Boston Globe’s Big Picture is putting up a Hubble Advent Calendar. Each day from now until Christmas, a new Hubble image. Here is the first one.This is a star called V838 Monocerotis. This normally dim and obscure star had a big brightness outburst in 2002 and got about 600,000 times brighter than our Sun for a brief time. It is now back to its normal boring dimness. What we are seeing here is called a light echo.
When the star got really bright, it gave off light in all directions. Some headed toward us (which we saw already) and some that headed off in different directions bounced off dust in the area and got reflected toward us. Since this light is taking a longer path to us, it takes longer to get to us. That is what we are seeing in this image: the movement of the light echo.
The light echo gets dimmer as time goes on. You may notice the background stars appear brighter in the later images. Since the light echo is so much dimmer, they take longer exposures to see the light echo and the background stars appear brighter. In reality, they have not changed and would look the same if you kept the same exposure time (but then you wouldn’t see the light echo which is what they are interested in!)
I won’t be able to blog every one, so check back every day for the next picture on the Hubble Advent Calendar.
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